3D printed “photosynthetic wearable”

http://www.dezeen.com/2015/06/01/neri-oxman-3d-printing-photosynthetic-wearable-host-living-organisms-mit-mediated-matter/

Neri Oxman 3D prints “photosynthetic wearable” to host living organisms

Designer and researcher Neri Oxman has successfully 3D-printed one of her“wearable skins” and filled its hollow tubes with a luminescent liquid to represent how it could host photosynthetic organisms (+ slideshow).

During a TED talk in Vancouver earlier this year, Oxman demonstrated that she and members of the Mediated Matter group at MIT Media Lab were able to produce Mushtari – one of four wearable pieces in her Wanderers range.

The wearable structures in the collection were designed to facilitate synthetic biological processes that might one day allow humans to travel to and survive on other planets.

Using triple-jet technology supplied by 3D-printing company Stratasys, the team was able to create the sculpture in one piece from a combination of different plastic materials that produced various densities and transparencies.

“This is the first time that 3D-printing technology has been used to produce a photosynthetic wearable piece with hollow internal channels designed to house microorganisms,” said Oxman.

Neri Oxman's photosynthetic wearable

The structure’s series of channels are designed to allow liquid to flow through. The idea is that they could house photosynthetic organisms, which would generate energy from light and somehow pass this onto the garment’s wearer.

“Inspired by the human gastrointestinal tract, Mushtari is designed to host synthetic microorganisms – a co-culture of photosynthetic cyanobacteria and E. coli bacteria – that can fluoresce bright colours in darkness and produce sugar or biofuels when exposed to the sun.”

“Such functions will, in the near future, augment the wearer by scanning our skins, repairing damaged tissue and sustaining our bodies, an experiment that has never been attempted before,” she added.

The 58 metres of fluid channels that are wound within the structure have an inner-channel diameter ranging from 1 millimetre to 2.5 centimetres.

Neri Oxman's photosynthetic wearable

Translucent and transparent sections of the tubes allow light to penetrate into the interior so the organisms could use it to photosynthesise.

Oxman’s team has managed to flow liquid containing cyanobacteria – bacteria that obtain energy through photosynthesis – through a small section of the tubes. The team has not yet demonstrated that the bacteria can photosynthesise while inside the structure, but is continuing to test the compatibility of the printed materials with the microorganisms.

“In the end, it is clear that the incorporation of synthetic biology in 3D-printed products for wearable microbiomes will enable the transition from designs that are inspired by nature, to designs made with and by nature, to, possibly designing nature herself,” Oxman said.

References:

dezeen.com

Neri Oxman 3D prints “photosynthetic wearable” to host living organisms

3D printed film

http://3dprint.com/57088/3d-printed-animated-film/

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Animator Creates a 3D Printed Film Using 2,500 3D Printed Pieces

Gilles-Alexandre Deschaud has worked in the visual effects industry as a digital artist and animator for the last seven years, and during that time he’s experimented with various animation techniques which made use of painting and drawing.

At the moment, Deschaud is doing his PhD research at the Université Paris 8 Vincennes-Saint-Denis in Motion Picture and Film studies, but it’s his most recent experimentation – and the discovery of 3D printing – that led him to create Chase Me, a hauntingly beautiful stop-motion animation film.

Over the course of two years, Deschaud modeled and built 2,500 3D printed pieces which he then manipulated to make Chase Me, a story about a young girl embracing her fears — and turning them into something beautiful.

He designed each frame of the film in CG before translating the images for processing via 3D printing. All the sets and characters for Chase Me were printed at 100 micron resolution, and Deschaud says they required only minimal finishing once the support material was removed.

“When I first saw the Form 1 3D printer on Kickstarter, I knew that was what I needed to make a 3D printed film,” he says. “I wanted to bring 3D printing technology to the art of stop-motion animation to create a new kind of film. I wouldn’t been able to have such tiny, complex and detailed prints without the Form 1 printer.”

One of the very detailed set pieces, a gnarled tree, took about a week to print on the Form 1+ and it’s composed of 22 separate parts. The finished project was about 50 x 40 x 35 cm, and the ground beneath the tree was sculpted from plasticine before all the pieces were bent and glued together. It’s but one feature of the dozen sets which Deschaud built for the film.

In total, the character and set pieces consumed some 80 liters of resin to create. The process of making all the various sets and character required approximately 10 months of continuous printing, and the artist says that represents some 6,000 hours in total.

“Users like Gilles-Alexandre, who are doing incredible things with the Formlabs 3D printer, inspire us to keep doing what we do,” says ” says Max Lobovksy, the co-founder of Formlabs.”Chase Me is beautiful – and powerfully moving – both in aesthetics and its attention to detail.”

You can find out more about Deschaud’s film by visiting chasemefilm.com.

Formlabs was founded in 2012 by a team of engineers and designers from the MIT Media Lab and Center for Bits and Atoms. Their SLA printers are used with a suite of high-performance materials for 3D printing and intuitive 3D printing software.

What do you think of the sets and characters created for Chase Me? Let us know in the 3D Printed Animation forum thread on 3DPB.com. Check out more images from Chase Me below.

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3dprint.com

by  | APRIL 14, 2015